The palace of “Gulustan“ was built in the years of 1979-1980, following the initiative of the national leader Heydar Aliyev. The designs were drafted by the Baku State Design Institute and the construction work was led by Nazim Hajibayov and Hafiz Amirkhanov as the architects and Novruz Ismayilov and Kamil Karimov as the design engineers. The entire construction of the palace was carried out under the guidance of deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR, Alish Lambaranski. The supervisor in charge of construction works was Tofig Akhmadov. All of the above mentioned people were awarded with the State Awards of the Azerbaijan SSR owing to the successful completion of the project.
The palace was designed to host both city- and nationwide events, such as concerts, public receptions, conferences, exhibitions, and other kinds of popular celebrations.
"Gulustan" palace is located on the mountainous part of the city, offering a fascinating outlook of Baku Bay and the city skyline. The ground terrain on its location distinguish flattens in the direction towards west to east, which is a feature that the constructers of this project skillfully took advantage of.
The leading builders of the Gulustan project imbedded many traditional motives of Azerbaijani architecture such as balconies with framed arched rows, leaving a unique and subtle oriental charm on the palace. The balconies are suspended on the walls of the first floor qua consoles, recreating the game of lights and shadows, thereby transmitting the impression of subtlety and elegance.
The palace of “Gulustan” consists of two main floors, complemented by the ground floor. On the first floor a disco club is located with an improvised stage, rooms for board games, a billiard room, presentation room for over 100 spectators, children’s cafe with 40 seating spaces and multiple bars with respectively 75 and 129 seating spaces. All gastronomy facilities are intended popular cultural events. The ground floor also has a souvenir store and national shops, alongside with a spacious cloakroom.
Two wide parade staircases lead to the hall, located on the second floor and consisting of two foyer, with the former able to accommodate 960 people. The stage of the great hall is connected to artists’ rooms via ramps, which in turn are located on the entresol floor. Doors of an exquisitely decorated lobby directly lead to a two-storied oriental restaurant for 179 visitors and a banquet hall apt for 149 persons (equipped with seats).
The construction volume of the building equals to 79,424m² and the usable area is 8,525m³.